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- Прочитать текст, выписать незнакомые слова с транскрипцией, перевести.Captain Scott’s Expedition to the South Pole.
At the end of November 1910, Captain Robert Scott, an English explorer, and the members of his expedition sailed in a ship from New Zealand to Antarctica. They wanted to reach the South Pole. The ship was small but it carried fifty- nine men, some horses and dogs, three motor sledges, various instruments and much food for men and animals.
They travelled south for a month and on the 30th of December they saw the white mountains of Antarctica. Scott found a place for their camp and they spend the autumn and the winter at that camp. Scott planned three parts of their journey to the South Pole.
The first part of the journey to the Pole began in August 1911, when the long Antarctic winter was over. Some men went with Captain Scott to the Pole, the others stayed in the camp. Scott took the motor sledges, the horses and the dogs with him. They had to cross a large plain of ice which was about 800 kilometres long. The motor sledges ran for 80 kilometres and then the motors broke. Now only the horses and the dogs pulled the sledges. The men crossed the ice-field and reached very high mountains which were covered with ice. They killed the horses, cut up the meat and put it in the snow for the journey back. The dogs and some of the men went back. The dogs and some of the men went back. And then the second part of the journey began. Twelve men had to climb the mountains and they pulled three sledges. A strong wind blew all the time, but each day the men walked for nine hours.
There were only 200 kilometres to the South Pole after they crossed the mountains. Captain Scott decided to take only four men with him. These were Captain Oates, Edgar Evans-a sailor, and two more men. On the 4th of January, 1912, the seven men moved to the Pole and planned to get there in two weeks. That was the last part of journey.
On the 18th of January, Captain Scott’s expedition reached the South Pole. They were hungry and ill. At the Pole in the snow stood a tent with a Norwegian flag on it. They were not the first to reach the South Pole. Amundsen, the Norwegian explorer, was the first. In the tent Scott Found this letter from Amundsen:
“Welcome to the South Pole. I wish you a good journey back.
Roald Amundsen. “
The date on the letter was December, 14th, 1911.
Scott put a small British flag on a stick in the snow, they took photographs of the place and then began the long, long journey back/the way back was much more difficult than the way to the pole. They were now very weak and they had no horses and dogs. It was the Antarctic summer but the weather was very cold, a strong wind blew very often, and there were snow-storms.
When the men came to the mountains, they put up a tent. But they could not sleep, their sleeping-bags were cold and the tent was full of snow. Soon Evans died. “We did not leave him till two hours after he died, “wrote Scott in his diary. It was much harder to pull the sledge now without Evans.
Oats was very ill. One day when they were all in the tent, he said to his friends, “I am going out and I shall not come back.” And he went out into the storm and died in the snow.
At last Scott and his two friends were 17 kilometres from the camp, but for some days there was a snow-storm and they had to wait. The men put up a tent. They had food only for two days. Four days later they died.
Before his death Scott wrote in his diary:”We are very ill and there is no more food, but we are together. “Eight months later people found the tent and the three dead men in their sleeping-bags. The diary and the letters were near them.
Robert Scott, the leader of the British expedition to the South Pole, became a British national hero. Mountains, glaciers and islands are named after Captain Robert Scott.
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