Английский язык 320 гр. 16.09.2021

320 группа

DUTIES IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
– ОБЯЗАННОСТИ B АВАРИЙНЫХ СИТУАЦИЯХ

ГРАММАТИКА: Повторение модальных глаголов can, may, must.

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS – СЛОВА И ВЫРАЖЕНИЯ найти транскрипцию записать в тетрадь

geneгal emergencу alarm – общесудовая тревога
watertight  door – водонепроницаемая дверь
other – другой
compartment – отсек
to get ready – приготовить
Iaunching – спуск (шлюпок на воду)
life-saving equipment – спасательное оборудование
second  in command – зд. помошник командира
damage  control  party – аварийная партия
portable – переносной
firefighting  appliances – противопожарное оборудование
in case – в случае
fire – пожар
to break – разбивать
glass – стекло
fire alarm box – пожарный извещатель
press the button – нажать кнопку
to inform – информировать
to evacuate – эвакуировать
to bring – приносить,подносить
fire crowbar – пожарный лом
fire axe – пожарный топор
sand – песок
hose – шланг
seat of the fire [si:t] – очаг пожара
hand – рука, ручной, управляемый вручную
fire nozzle – пожарный ствол
to put out the  fire – тушить пожар
extinguisher – огнетушитель
to operate – работать
also – также
to act – действовать
as – в качестве
messenger – связной
flooding – затопление, заполнение отсеков водой
collision mat – пластырь
sheets – шкоты
control lanyard – контрольный штерт
hogging  line – подкильный конец
winch – лебедка
to stop a hole – заделать пробоину
cement [si`ment] box – цементныи яшик
liquid – жидкий
Man overboard! [`ouv#bo:d] – Человек за бортом!
to screw – завинтить
drain  plug – шлюпочная пробка
to carry – нести
painter – фалинь
blanket – одеяло
to release – зд. отдать (шлюпочные тали и т. д.)
boat gripe – найтовое крепление шлюпки
life-boat falls – шлюпочные тали
to heave in – выбирать (конец)
to launch – спускать (шлюпку)
rower – гребец
to throw – бросать
life raft – спасательный плот
to ensure – обеспечивать
safe – безопасный
embarkation – посадка

 

ТЕХТ

  1. AT THE GENERAL EMERGENCY ALARM THE SAILORS MUST:

1) close the watertight doors, leading to the superstructure and other compartments;

2) get ready the life-boats for launching;

3) get ready the life-saving equipment.

If an able seaman is second in command of the damage control party he must get ready the portable  firefighting appliances.

  1. IN CASE OF FIRE THE SAILORS MUST:

1) break the glass of the  fire-alarm box and press the button;

2) call up the bridge and inform the officer of the watch;

3) close the watertight doors,  fire doors;

4) evacuate people if necessary;

5) bring the  fire-crowbar, the fire-axe, sand and hoses to the seat of the  fire;

6) bring the hand  fire nozzle to the seat of the fire and operate it;

7) put out the fire with an extinguisher.

A sailor may also act as a messenger.

 

III. IN CASE OF FLOODING THE SAILORS MUST:

  1. I) bring the collision mat and the sheets and make fast the collision mat;

2) stand by the control lanyard;

3) bring and make fast the hogging line;

4) stand by the winch;

5) if necessary stop the hole with a cement box and sand, and liquid glass from the inner (внутренней) side.

 

  1. AT THE “MAN OVERBOARD” ALARM THE SAILOR MUST:

1) screw the drain plug;

2) carry the painters;

3) bring the blankets;

4) release the boat gripe;

5) release the life-boat falls;

6) heave in the painters;

7) launch the life-boat;

8) act as a rower.

 

  1. AT THE BOAT ALARM THE SAILORS MUST:

1) screw the drain plugs;

2) release the boat gripe;

3) get ready the painters;

4) release the foreward (aft) life-boat falls;

5) throw the life-rafts overboard;

6) ensure safe embarkation of the life-boats and rafts;

7) act as a helmsman.

 

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

  1. Расположите в правильном порядке следующие действия по тревогам. Укажите, какие действия матрос не выполняет.

 

GENERAL EMERGENCY ALARM

 

1) the sailor must get ready the life-saving equipment:

2) the sailor must close the fire doors;

3) the sailor must launch the life-boats;

4) the sailor must go to the bridge and keep watch.

 

FIRE

 

1) the sailor must bring the hand fire-nozzle:

2) the sailor must put out the fire with an extinguisher;

3) the sailor must close the fire doors;

4) the sailor must evacuate people;

5) the sailor must launch the life-boats;

6) the sailor must call up the Port Control (портнадзор)

 

FLOODING

 

1) the sailor must stand by the winch;

2) the sailor must stop the hole;

3) the sailor must stand by the control lanyard:

4) the sailor must bring the collision mat;

5) the sailor must get ready the painters.

 

MAN OVERBOARD ALARM

 

1) the sailor must go to the bridge and keep watch;

2) the sailor must act as a rower;

3) the sailor must launch the life-boat;

4) the sailor must release the boat gripe;

5) the sailor must screw the drain plug.

 

BOAT ALARM

 

1) the sailor must release the life-boat falls;

2) the sailor must act as a helmsman;

3) the sailor must release the boat gripe;

4) the sailor must throw the life-rafts overboard;

5) the sailor must go to his cabin.

  1. Ответьте на вопросы:
  2. What doors must the sailor close at the general emergency alarm?
  3. What must the sailor bring to the seat of fire?
  4. How can the sailor stop a hole?

4, When must the sailor screw the drain plug before or after launching a life-boat?

  1. When must people (люди) take to (садиться) life-boats to ensure safe embarkation?
  2. Where must you go
  3. a) at the general emergency alarm;
  4. b) at the fire alarm;
  5. c) in case of flooding;
  6. d) at the boat alarm;
  7. e) at the “Man overboard” alarm.

III. Опишите  последовательно ваши действия при спуске шлюпки.

  1. IV. Если бы вам пришлось написать Muster List ( Расписание по тревогам) для вашей должности, что бы вы выбрали из текста?
  2. V. Ответьте как можно подробнее:

What must you do:

  1. a) at the general emergency alarm;
  2. b) at the fire alarm;

с) in case of flooding;

  1. d) at the “Man overboard” alarm;
  2. e) at the boat alarm.

Выполненные задания (с указанием № группы, фамилии, № задания, даты дз) отправлять на электронную почту преподавателя ilinykh.nrk@bk.ru до  16.09.2021